PM Kisan | Registration, Eligibility, Documents, Apply Online | Empowering Indian Farmer of INR 6000

The PM Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM Kisan) is a government initiative launched by the Government of India to provide financial assistance to small and marginal farmers nationwide. Launched in December 2018, PM Kisan aims to supplement the financial needs of farmers to enable them to meet expenses related to agriculture and allied activities. Let’s explore this in detail!

PM Kisan

Introduction to PM Kisan Samman Nidhi

The PM Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM-Kisan), launched in December 2018, is a central government scheme in India that provides income support to small and marginal farmers.

Here’s a quick overview:

  • Objective: Provide financial assistance to eligible farmers to meet their basic needs and support their farming activities.
  • Benefit: Up to ₹6,000 per year in three equal installments of ₹2,000 each.
  • Eligibility: Small and marginal landholding farmer families, with a definition of “family” including husband, wife, and minor children.


  • Funded entirely by the Government of India.
  • State governments and Union Territories (UTs) identify eligible beneficiaries.
  • Funds are directly transferred to the bank accounts of beneficiaries.

Key Points:

  • e-KYC is mandatory for all registered farmers. This can be done through the PM-Kisan portal or at CSC centers.
  • The 16th installment of the scheme was recently released on February 28, 2024.
  • You can find more information and resources on the official PM-Kisan portal


Eligibility Criteria for PM Kisan Yojana

The PM-Kisan scheme has specific eligibility criteria to ensure the financial support reaches the intended beneficiaries. Here’s a breakdown of who can apply:


  • Small and marginal farmer families: This includes families with cultivable landholding up to 2 hectares (around 5 acres).
  • Land ownership: The land must be owned by the applicant, spouse, or minor children in the family. Tenant farmers are not eligible.
  • No income tax filing: Individuals who filed income tax in the previous assessment year or have family members who did are not eligible.
  • There is no specific age restriction: Farmers of all ages can apply.


  • Institutional landholders: Organizations managing agricultural land are not eligible.
  • High-income individuals: Individuals or families with members receiving a pension of ₹10,000 or more per month (excluding multi-tasking staff, Class IV or Group D employees).
  • Professionals: Families with members engaged in professions like doctors, engineers, lawyers, architects, etc., are not eligible.
  • Constitutional post holders: Individuals or family members who hold or have held positions like Member of Parliament (MP), Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA), Mayor of Municipal Corporation, or Chairperson of District Panchayat are not eligible.

Important Note: The scheme was initially restricted to small and marginal farmers. However, it was later extended to cover all farmer families, irrespective of their landholding size.


How to Apply for the PM Kisan Scheme

How to Apply for the PM Kisan Scheme

The PM-Kisan scheme offers both online and offline application methods for your convenience. Here’s a breakdown of each:

Online Application:

  • Visit the PM-Kisan portal: [PM Kisan Yojana ON PM Kisan Samman Nidhi]
  • Click on “New Farmer Registration“.
  • Enter your Aadhaar number and tap on “Proceed“.
  • Enter your details as prompted, including name, father’s name, spouse’s name (if applicable), address, and bank account details.
  • Upload scanned copies of required documents (Aadhaar card, Land documents, and Bank account passbook).
  • Cross-check all details carefully before submitting the application form.
  • Click on “Submit” to complete the registration.

Offline Application:

  • Visit your nearest Revenue Office, Village Patwari, or any other designated officer/agency authorized for PM-Kisan applications.
  • You’ll be provided a physical application form to fill out.
  • Fill in the required details carefully and accurately.
  • Attach copies of the necessary documents: Aadhaar card, Land documents (if applicable), and Bank account passbook.
  • Submit the completed application form and documents to the authorized representative.

Things to Remember:

  • e-KYC is mandatory for all applicants, whether online or offline. You can do this through the PM-Kisan portal or at a CSC center.
  • Keep a copy of your application form and submitted documents for your reference.
  • You can check the application status online through the PM-Kisan portal using your registered Aadhaar number.
Additional Option:

By following these steps and ensuring you meet the eligibility criteria, you can submit your application for the PM-Kisan scheme and potentially receive the benefits offered.


Documents Required for PM Kisan Registration

When applying for the PM-Kisan scheme, you’ll need to submit specific documents to verify your eligibility and information. Here’s a list of what you’ll need:

Mandatory Documents:

  • Aadhaar Card: This is the primary document for identification and verification. Both online and offline applications require your Aadhaar number.
  • Proof of Citizenship: While not explicitly stated, some sources mention having a document proving your Indian citizenship might be necessary. This could be your Aadhaar card itself or a passport, voter ID, etc.
  • Bank Account Details: This includes your account number, IFSC code, and the bank name associated with your account where you want to receive the installments.

Land Ownership Documents (if applicable):

The PM-Kisan scheme initially focused on small and marginal farmers, but it now covers all farmer families. If your family owns cultivable land, you’ll need to submit documents proving ownership. These documents might vary depending on your location, but could include:

  • Land records (land passbook, registry documents, etc.)
  • Khasra/Khatauni copy (landholding record)

Additional Notes:

  • Ensure the documents are clear, legible, and valid.
  • Online applications require scanned copies of these documents.
  • Offline applications may require photocopies of the documents.

It’s recommended to check with your local authorities or the official PM-Kisan website for any specific requirements regarding land ownership documents in your region.


PM Kisan Beneficiary Status Check

PM Kisan Beneficiary Status Check

There are two ways to check your PM Kisan beneficiary status:

1. Online:

This is the recommended method as it’s quick and convenient. Here’s how:

  • Visit the official PM-Kisan portal: [PM Kisan Yojana ON PM Kisan Samman Nidhi]
  • Click on the “Beneficiary Status” tab on the homepage.
  • You can choose one of three options to search for your status:

♦Aadhaar number
♦Account number
♦Mobile number

  • Enter your chosen information and click on “Get Data“.
  • The website will display your beneficiary status, including details like installment transfer history (if applicable).

2. Offline:

  • You can also visit your nearest Revenue Office, Village Patwari, or any other designated officer/agency authorized for PM-Kisan applications and inquire about your beneficiary status. However, the online method is generally faster and more efficient.


PM Kisan Helpline and Support

If you have questions, need assistance, or encounter any issues with the PM Kisan scheme, there are multiple ways to get help and support:

1. PM Kisan Helpline:

  • Toll-free Number: 155261 This is the primary helpline number for the PM-Kisan scheme. You can call them to ask questions, report issues, or seek clarification.
  • Landline Number: 011-24300606 This is an alternative number if the toll-free line is unavailable.

2. PM-Kisan Portal:

  • Contact Us: The PM-Kisan portal website has a dedicated “Contact Us” section with details and contact information for various officials related to the scheme: [PM Kisan Yojana ON PM Kisan Samman Nidhi]
  • You can find contact details for scheme-related queries, fund transfer issues, and ICT-related issues.

3. CSC Centers:

Common Service Centers (CSCs) are authorized service centers spread across India. You can visit your nearest CSC center for assistance with:

  • Online application process (if needed)
  • e-KYC verification
  •  Addressing minor technical issues

4. PM-Kisan Mobile App:

  • The PM-Kisan mobile app, available on the Google Play Store, also offers a grievance redressal section where you can raise concerns and seek support.
Additional Resources:
  • PM-Kisan FAQ: The PM-Kisan portal has a comprehensive FAQ section that addresses various common questions and concerns: [PM Kisan Yojana ON PM Kisan Samman Nidhi]

Remember, while seeking help, it’s essential to have your Aadhaar number or application reference number readily available for quicker assistance.


PM Kisan Scheme Benefits

The primary benefit of the PM-Kisan scheme is to provide financial support to eligible farmer families in India. This can help them meet their basic needs and support their farming activities. Here’s a breakdown of the specific benefits:

Financial Assistance:

  • ₹6,000 per year: This amount is payable in three equal installments of ₹2,000 every four months.
  • Direct bank transfer: The installments are directly transferred to the beneficiary’s bank account through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT), ensuring transparency and minimizing the risk of misuse.

Potential Additional Benefits (Indirect):

  • Improved access to resources: With financial support, farmers might have better access to essential resources like seeds, fertilizers, and irrigation facilities, potentially leading to improved agricultural productivity and income generation.
  • Improved living standards: The scheme can contribute to improved well-being of farmer families by helping them meet basic needs and invest in essential goods and services.
  • Empowerment and social security: The financial support can offer a sense of security and empower farmers to make crucial decisions regarding their agricultural practices and livelihoods.


Success Stories of PM Kisan Beneficiaries

The PM-Kisan scheme has impacted millions of farmers across India. While comprehensive data on the scheme’s overall impact is still being compiled, several individual success stories highlight its potential benefits:

1. Ahir Haradasbhai Mulubhai from Gujarat:

Ahir Haradasbhai Mulubhai Beneficiary of PM kishan

  • Ahir Haradasbhai Mulubhai, a small farmer from Gujarat, used the PM-Kisan installments to invest in better-quality seeds and fertilizers. This resulted in a significant improvement in his crop yield, allowing him to earn additional income and improve his family’s living standards.

2. Akhilesh Yadav from Bihar:

Akhilesh Yadav PM Kishan Beneficiary

  • Akhilesh Yadav, the sole breadwinner of her family in Bihar, used the PM-Kisan benefits to purchase a cow, which provided him with a steady source of milk income. This additional income helped him support his family and meet their basic needs.

3. Abdul Rashid Shaikh Baba from Maharashtra:

Abdul Rashid Shaikh Baba PM Kishan Beneficiary

  • Abdul Rashid Shaikh Baba, a marginal farmer from Maharashtra, faced financial difficulties due to a natural disaster damaging his crops. The PM-Kisan installments acted as a safety net during this challenging time, helping him meet his family’s essential needs and recover from the setback.



Impact of PM Kisan on Indian Agriculture

The impact of PM-Kisan on Indian agriculture is a complex and multifaceted topic. While the scheme aims to support farmers and boost the agricultural sector, its overall impact remains debated. Here’s an analysis of the potential positive and negative effects:

Positive Impacts:

  • Financial Support: Direct cash transfers provide much-needed financial support to farmers, particularly small and marginal farmers who have limited resources. This can ease financial constraints enabling them to invest in inputs and technologies.
  • Improved Productivity: There’s evidence suggesting that some farmers utilize the PM-Kisan benefits to purchase quality seeds, fertilizers, and other essential inputs, leading to potential increases in productivity and yield.
  • Reduced Debt Burden: The additional income support might help farmers reduce their dependence on high-interest loans from informal sources, mitigating their debt burden.
  • Psychological Relief: The scheme can offer a sense of security to farmers, knowing they have access to additional support, potentially reducing stress and allowing them to make better decisions regarding their agricultural practices.

Negative Impacts

  • Limited Impact on Overall Income: The amount of ₹6000 per year may be insufficient to make a sustainable or significant difference in overall farm income, especially considering rising input costs and inflation. The impact might be more noticeable for small farmers but less significant for farmers with larger landholdings.
  • Potential for Misuse: Some critics argue that there’s a risk of beneficiaries misusing the funds for non-agricultural purposes, negating the intended benefits.
  • Not a Holistic Solution: The scheme does not address deeper structural issues within the Indian agricultural sector, such as fragmented landholdings, lack of reliable market access, and inadequate irrigation infrastructure. Critics argue that long-term reforms in these areas are crucial for sustainable improvement.


Government Initiatives to Improve PM Kisan

The Indian government acknowledges the challenges associated with the PM-Kisan scheme and has been taking steps to improve its effectiveness and address some of the criticisms. Here are some key initiatives:

1. Expanding Outreach and Inclusion:

  • Awareness Campaigns: The government has launched awareness campaigns to reach out to potential beneficiaries, particularly in remote areas, and ensure they’re aware of the scheme and its eligibility criteria.
  • Relaxing Verification Processes: The government has taken steps to simplify verification processes and make them more accessible, aiming to reduce the number of excluded eligible beneficiaries due to technicalities.
  • Exploring the Inclusion of Tenant Farmers: There are ongoing discussions and pilot projects to explore the possibility of including tenant farmers within the scheme’s ambit. However, the specific details and feasibility are still under evaluation.

2. Enhancing Efficiency and Transparency:

  • Improving ICT Infrastructure: The government is working towards strengthening the IT infrastructure and online portal to improve grievance redressal mechanisms, address delays, and ensure a more efficient application and verification process.
  • Promoting Mobile App Adoption: The PM-Kisan mobile app aims to provide a user-friendly platform for beneficiaries to access information, check their status, and potentially reduce reliance on physical visits to authorities.
  • Focus on Transparency: Efforts are being made to improve transparency in the selection of beneficiaries and fund distribution processes to address concerns about misuse and ensure accountability.

3. Exploring Long-Term Solutions:

  • Focus on Agricultural Infrastructure: Alongside the PM-Kisan scheme, the government is promoting investments in agricultural infrastructure development, including irrigation facilities, cold storage, and market access improvement.
  • Promoting Skill Development and Knowledge Sharing: Initiatives are being undertaken to provide farmers with access to training and knowledge-sharing programs on modern farming practices, crop diversification, and market linkages.

4. Addressing Targeting Issues:

  • Data Verification and Integration: The government is working on improving data verification and integration across different departments to ensure accurate identification and targeting of eligible beneficiaries, minimizing the risk of exclusion or inclusion errors.
  • Collaboration with Local Authorities: Collaboration with state governments and local authorities is crucial for the accurate identification of beneficiaries and efficient implementation of the scheme at the ground level.


Comparison with Similar Schemes in Other Countries

Comparing the PM-Kisan scheme with similar initiatives in other countries can provide insights into both its strengths and limitations. Here’s a brief comparison with two noteworthy programs:

1. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Direct and Countercyclical Payments (DCP):

  • Both programs offer direct income support to farmers.
  • Both aim to stabilize farm income and mitigate the impact of falling prices or production shortfalls.
  • Eligibility: The US program primarily targets commercial farmers based on historical acreage and production data, while PM-Kisan focuses on small and marginal farmers.
  • Payment Calculation: US payments are based on a combination of historical reference prices, planted acreage, and production history, while PM-Kisan offers a fixed amount per year.
  • Policy Context: The US program is part of a broader agricultural support system that includes loan guarantees, crop insurance, and market access initiatives. PM-Kisan operates as a standalone income support program.

2. Brazil’s Bolsa Família Program (now Auxílio Brasil):

  • Both programs aim to provide direct cash transfers to alleviate poverty and improve the welfare of vulnerable populations.
  • Both rely on targeting mechanisms to identify and reach eligible beneficiaries.
  • Target Population: Bolsa Família/Auxílio Brasil has a broader scope, targeting low-income families across various sectors, including farmers, while PM-Kisan is specifically focused on farmers.
  • Conditionalities: The Brazilian program initially implemented conditions like school attendance and health checkups for receiving benefits, which are not present in PM-Kisan.
  • Funding and Management: The Brazilian program is funded through a combination of federal, state, and municipal resources, while PM-Kisan is entirely funded by the Indian central government.

These are just two examples, and agricultural support programs vary significantly across countries depending on their unique economic contexts, political priorities, and historical trajectories.



In conclusion, the PM Kisan Samman Nidhi (PM Kisan) scheme has emerged as a vital initiative aimed at supporting the livelihoods of small and marginal farmers in India. By providing direct income support and financial assistance, the scheme has contributed to enhancing the well-being and prosperity of farmers and promoting sustainable agricultural development. However, continuous efforts are required to address challenges, expand coverage, and ensure the scheme’s long-term sustainability.



Q. How often are the installments under the PM Kisan scheme disbursed?
A. The installments are disbursed every four months, directly into the beneficiaries’ bank accounts.

Q. Can farmers with less than one hectare of land avail of the benefits of PM Kisan?
A. Yes, small and marginal farmers with less than one hectare of land are eligible for the PM Kisan scheme.

Q. Is there any provision for backdated payments under PM Kisan?
A. Yes, farmers who were eligible but did not receive payments in previous installments can claim backdated payments.

Q. Are tenant farmers and sharecroppers eligible for PM Kisan benefits?
A. Yes, tenant farmers and sharecroppers are eligible for PM Kisan benefits if they meet the specified criteria.

Q. What measures are being taken to address the challenges faced by PM Kisan beneficiaries?
A. The government is continuously refining the implementation process, leveraging technology, and strengthening support mechanisms to address challenges and improve the delivery of benefits to beneficiaries.

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